№3 2014(SUMMARIES)

Social psychology of time: actual state and prospects of researches

Nestik T.A.

The social psychology of time as an independent scientific area is grounded. Its main phenomena under study as peculiarities of individual attitude to time resulting in group members' interaction; objective temporal-spatial organization of interpersonal and intergroup interaction; peculiarities of perception, experience, understanding and organization of time in group consciousness and collective activity that cannot be reduced to characteristics of certain person's subjective time - are defined. Seven main approaches to socio-psychological study of attitude to time are specified: system-dynamic, resource, communicative, cross-cultural, commemorative, visionersky futurological, and socio-integrative. Perspectives for further researches in the area are outlined.

Key words: group attitude to time, psychology of time, perception of time, temporal perspective, group dynamics, organizational psychology, collective memory, leadership, small groups, organizations, foresight, economic psychology, cross-cultural psychology

 

Social beliefs and motivation to learn: the role of organizational justice

Gulevich O.A.

Correlation between motivation to learn and assessment of educational interaction's justice and social beliefs are examined. This study explores the relation between social beliefs, organizational justice evaluation and learning motivation. It was hypothesized that the higher students assess the justice of treatment with them and the lower their dangerous world and competitive world beliefs are the higher intrinsic motivation to learn will be. Therewith the influence of social beliefs is mediated by the educational justice evaluation. Participants were 895 students of the 1-st and the 4-th year from four Russian universities (54% female, M age = 19, SD age = 1.64). Three methods - measurement of belief in dangerous and competitive world; assessment of justice in conducting difficult credit/exam; motivation to learn in the university - were used in the research. They completed the Dangerous World Beliefs Scale, Jungle World Beliefs Scale, Organizational Justice Scale and Academic Motivation Scale.The results partly support hypotheses and demonstrate that the procedural justice evaluation moderates correlation between social beliefs and learning motivation.

Key words: theory of self-determination, motivation to learn, organizational justice, belief in dangerous and competitive world

 

Kindness, tolerance and empathy in the system of moral-psychological attitudes of students'' personality

Brazhnikova A.N.

Based on theoretical analysis it was hypothesized that true love for other people is characterized by high level of kindness, tolerance and empathy manifestation. In the structure of person's moral-psychological attitudes love for other people is considered to be a central element of the attitude to other man. Based on the sample of 369 students from professional colleges, colleges, technical secondary schools and universities differences in the structure of empathy were empirically revealed and found reduced level of empathy manifestation. It was also shown that high level of tolerance was the most frequent among university students, and high level of kindness for other people was the most frequent among students from professional colleges and universities. Low levels of tolerance and kindness for other people were the most frequent among students from colleges and technical secondary schools. The factor structure of love for other people in the system of person's moral-psychological attitudes is examined; "kindness, tolerance" as the best way to realize attitudes to other person is the dominant factor.

Key words: attitude to other man, moral-psychological attitudes of a person, love for other people, empathy, tolerance, kindness, students

 

Kindness, tolerance and empathy in the system of moral-psychological attitudes of students'' personality

Brazhnikova A.N.

Based on theoretical analysis it was hypothesized that true love for other people is characterized by high level of kindness, tolerance and empathy manifestation. In the structure of person's moral-psychological attitudes love for other people is considered to be a central element of the attitude to other man. Based on the sample of 369 students from professional colleges, colleges, technical secondary schools and universities differences in the structure of empathy were empirically revealed and found reduced level of empathy manifestation. It was also shown that high level of tolerance was the most frequent among university students, and high level of kindness for other people was the most frequent among students from professional colleges and universities. Low levels of tolerance and kindness for other people were the most frequent among students from colleges and technical secondary schools. The factor structure of love for other people in the system of person's moral-psychological attitudes is examined; "kindness, tolerance" as the best way to realize attitudes to other person is the dominant factor.

Key words: attitude to other man, moral-psychological attitudes of a person, love for other people, empathy, tolerance, kindness, students

 

Mediating role of ethnic image in interethnic relationships

Khotinets V. Yu., Molchanova E.A.

The results of empiric revealing of factors of ethnic image in interethnic relationships transformation are presented. By the example of Russian and Udmurt ethnic groups it has been shown that ethnic image transforms with the number of interacting subjects increasing, when some difficulties and obstacles in intercultural interaction arise and relations of interacting subjects become more complex (strengthening of emotional tension and synergy of interethnic relations). Differences in transformation of affective, cognitive and behavioral components of ethnic image of Udmurts and Russians as a result of influence of mentioned factors are specified, thus confirming mediating role of image in interethnic relationships. Images of "typical Udmurt" and "typical Russian" have been created as the result of analysis of specific traits of ethnoses under study.

Key words: picture of the world, image of the world, ethnic image, cognitive, behavioral, affective components, mediating of interethnic relations

 

Peculiarities of cognitive processes in Internet-addicts

Plokhikh V.V., Akimov S.K.

Peculiarities of memory and thinking processes in internet-addicts in connection with their ability to organize temporal perspective of life activity are considered. 43 Internet-addicts and 43 Internet independent persons were selected from primary sample of 723 students. Test and experimental computer methods were used in the empiric research. Disorders of memory and thinking functions that are responsible for semantic processing were revealed in Internet addicts. Dominating hedonistic and fatalistic directions of "the present" of Internet-addicts have been shown, thus due to disturbances of semantic processing of information conditions essential limitations in subjective representation of temporal perspective of life activity.

Key words: internet-addiction, cognitive processes, function of memory, function of thinking, temporal perspective, semantic processing of information

 

Manifestations of aggression in modern Russian society as a psychological problem

Yurevich A.V.

The level of aggression in modern Russian society is analyzed. Statistic data along with the results of psychological and sociological researches are presented. The main reason for the phenomenon as well as destructive influence of excess aggression on society including aetiology and pathogenesis of somatic and mental diseases are considered in the context of psychological theories of aggression. Essential measures for aggression level decreasing are enumerated.

Key words: modern russian society, aggression, psychological theories, "shift of aggression", "relay race of aggression", violence, hostility, nation''s health

 

Phenomenon of corruption in Russia as socio-political, socio-cultural and socio-psychological problem

Sosnin V.A.

Phenomenon of corruption in Russia as a problem of macro psychology is considered. The connection of corruption in Russia with global tendencies of civilization development is analyzed. Corruption in Russia is shown to be not only a social, political, economic and social-psychological problem but also a spiritual-civilization one. Reasons for corruption in Russia as well as formation of complex scientifically based opposition to corruption from legal, institutional, level, socio-psychological and socio-cultural approaches are discussed. Socio-economic foundations and diversity of corruption's consequences for modern Russia are considered in connection with socio-economic policy of the state. The possibility of opposition to corruption via moral-ethics values of Russian society is demonstrated.

Key words: corruption, ideology, macro psychology, safety, religion, economic policy, social identity, cultural archetype, socio-cultural approach, social-psychological phenomenon, corruption strategies, opposition

 

Method for diagnostics of propensity to destructive communication in adolescents

Mingazova D.V., Fatyhova R.M., Nesterova I.N.

Authors' questionnaire "Method for diagnostics of propensity to destructive communication" (MDPD) oriented to destructive form of problem communication in adolescents revealing is presented. Main types of destructive communication (deviant, selfish, barrier, conflict and narcissistic) are marked out. The assessment of psychometric qualities of the method, its adequacy for psychodiagnostic purposes was conducted in empiric study in secondary comprehensive schools of Bashkortostan Republic.

Key words: destructive communication, deviant communication, selfish communication, barrier communication, conflict communication, narcissistic communication, reliability, validity, discriminativity, factor analysis

 

The revised version of "The Personal Sovereignty Questionnaire - 2010"

Nartova-Bochaver S.K.

Psychological sovereignty is considered as a state of person's boundaries in different everyday life spheres providing a social and personal well-being. The new version of Personal Sovereignty Questionnaire (PSQ-2010) is developed and described; psychometric properties and results of CFA are shown. Content validity, divergent validity, and consistency are tested on the sample of N = 1073 respondents. A system of individual correlates of sovereignty is described. The questionnaire has been standardized, profile forms have been developed.

Key words: personality, sovereignty, deprivedness, measurement, boundaries, well-being

Примите участие в исследовании

Электронные журналы Института психологии РАН

Приглашаем к публикации в электронных журналах:

Приглашаем принять участие в исследовании жизнеспособности человека

Семинар Института психологии РАН

Новая монография


В.П. Позняков  Т.С. Вавакина
Психология делового партнерства

Сведения для экспертного анализа по основной референтной группе 39 "Психология и педагогические науки"