№2 2014 (SUMMARIES)
Methodological principle of a subject: study of person’s life course
Abulkhanova K. A.
Researches of methodological functions and operational possibilities of subject’s principle are presented. Individual modes of person’s own life course organization and person’s ways of becoming a subject under conditions of changing society are revealed.
Key worlds: subject, methodological principle of a subject, personality, individuality, life course, community, society
Anthropic principle as a theoretical basis for psychology's actual problems solution
Golikov Yu. Ya.
Modern methodological researches in psychology are analyzed in consideration of the basic features of formation of a post-non-classical scientiﬁc picture of world; necessity of mere active inclusion of psychology for general scientiﬁc processes is shown. Some variants of anthropic principle (cosmological, physical, ethical and other), reﬂecting representations about connection of object and the subject during evolution of a material world, are described. Psychological interpretation of anthropic principle, directed on disclosing of a role and a place of the human being and our terrestrial civilization in the Universe, perfection and development of psychological knowledge of the human being, is offered.
Key worlds: a scientific picture of the world, post-non-classical rationality, universal evolutionism, general-systemic laws of evolutionary development, anthropic principle, space psychology
Success in teamwork: reﬂexive-value characteristics
Gorbunova V. V
A comparative study of the features of value characteristics of consciousness of persons successful in team and individual types of employment is presented. A number of value-reﬂexive phenomena associated with the subjective value of activity and relationships for employees, successful in team-working is identiﬁed and compared to the same for individuals who prefer individual type of employment.
Key words: value consiousness, reﬂection values, success in teamwork, the value of work, the value of relationships, reﬂexive-value phenomenon
Structure and functions of self-injurious behavior
Polskaya N. A
Development of self-injurious behavior based on theoretical notions about differential orientation and cultural-historic mediation of psyche and behavior ontogenesis are studied. Biological and socio-cultural determinants of self-injurious behavior are described. Its structure is considered on the basis of ontogenetic laws of behavior formation - from elementary motor schemata to symbolically mediated actions. Systematization of self-injury types (reactive, dysfunctional, identiﬁcational and dysontogenetic) is carried out, functions of self-injurious behavior (organizational, emotional-regulative and personal-regulative) are marked out.
Key words: self-injurious behavior, cultural-historic approach, ontogenesis, dysontogenesis, classiﬁcation of self-injury actions, types of self-injury, functions of self-injurious behavior
Correlation between creativity and variativity
Dorfman L.Y., Baleva M. V.
Variativity as a key feature of creativity is examined in the article. Variativity is presented as a prevailing feature of divergent thinking, closely associated with associations, concept’s formation, attention. Correlation between variativity, divergent thinking, person’s creative potential and creative products have been studied. Some related theories are described. The perspectives and nearest tasks in study of creativity as variation are outlined.
Key words: creativity, variation, divergent thinking, associations, formation of concepts, attention, cre- ative personality, creative products
Microkinetic phenomenon in research of unconscious reactions on signiﬁcant semantic stimuli study
Yanjshin P. V
The Microkinetic Phenomenon (MKP) - a motivated involuntary micro motor component of voluntary movements - is studied. In the course of 100 experimental sessions on 10 subjects, the hypothesis of the reﬂection of completely unconscious semantic stimulation in the MKP was tested. By means of micro motor reactions, the intuitive structure of the factor space was obtained. It corresponds to the psychoanalytic concepts of leading objects (I, Sex, maternal ﬁgure, father ﬁgure) important for formation of main personal attitudes in individual experience. Factor of semantic space, similar to Ch. Osgoog’s factor “Evaluation” was obtained as well.
Key words: priming-effect, subliminal stimulation, unconscious perception, psychosemantics of consciousness, implicit structures of experience
Socio-psychological mechanisms and cultural-historic premises of anorexia’s origin
Stupak R., Bochaver A. A.
Selected aspects of the process of anorexia nervosa construction from the stand point of feminine and gender researches are presented. Cultural-historical premises of anorexia’s origin not only as mental disease but cultural phenomenon as well are in the focus of the article.
Key words anorexia, social constricting, feminism
Essay on B.G. Ananiev’s theory of individual mental development
Loginova N. A.
The article represents the main ideas of B.G. Ananiev’s developmental psychology. The anthropological principle and idea of wholeness are of great importance. The psychological development of human being is treated as changing human organic nature under social inﬂuences and own acitivity of a person. The resources and moving forces of development belongs to the inner structure of personality. The brain bilateral organization treated as a special regulator of human development. B.G. Ananiev had created a new project for pedagogical anthropology. It is founded on the principle of the relevancy to the human nature. This principle demands to mind the objective laws of human development, including sensitive periods. The article discusses perspectives and actuality of Ananiev’s theory for Russian psychological science.
Key words: anthropological psychology of development, ontogenesis, life course, laws of development, pedagogical anthropology, b.g. ananiev’s conception and modern psychology
Instruments for types of interpersonal contradictions and conﬂicts in small groups study
Sidorenkov A. V., Lokteva E. A., Mkrtchyan A. A.
The results of elaboration and assessment of two methodical instruments are presented. «Questionnaire “Types of interpersonal conﬂicts in group” (QTICFG) has been constucted to study activity-oriented and personally-orientated types of conﬂict in a small group and in informal subgroups. Questionnaire “Types of interpersonal countradictions in group” (QTICNG) makes it possible to study seven types of interpersonal contradictions as sources for conﬂicts in a small group and informal subgroups: contradictions of interests, activity-organizational contradictions, activity-sanctional contradictions, cognitive contradictions, personal-behavioral contradictions and value-normative and ethnic ones. On the sample of 13 civil groups and 10 military subdivisions (146 employees and 145 military men) assessment of content, face and discriminant validity, reliability - consistency of two forms and two parts of questionnaire has been conducted.
Key words: small group, informal subgroup, interpersonal conflict, types of conflict, types of contradictions
Reﬂexive orientation and its diagnostic in the structure of action control
Mitina O. V., Rasskazova E. I.
Yu. Kuhl’s action control conception is analyzed. In contrast to traditional notions according to which orientation to action/state in failure, planning and realization are examined in its structure, reﬂexive orientation associated with conscious choice of action’s delay for the purpose of analyzing what is happening and/or coping with one’s own state is considered. In two experiments ( N 1 = 286, N 2 = 280) three factor structure of action control (orientation to action, state and reﬂexive orientation) in planning and failure has been conﬁrmed. Reﬂexive orientaion scale is reliable enough and correlates with existing methods of reﬂexivity diagnostics and is the best predictor for planning and programming under activity”s selfregulation in comparison with orientation to activity and state
key words: action control, orientation to action/state, reflexive orientation, modiﬁcation of questionnaire “orientation to action/state”, phychodiagnostics
The structure of mentality of West European and Russian society in the X-XVII centuries: ethnofunctional analysis
Sukharev A. V.
The results of comparative analysis of structure of European mentality in the X-XVII centuries in Europe and the Old Russia of the same period on the ground of the ethnofunctional methodology in science are presented in the article. The results of the investigation of the role of integration into Italian mentality the antic (pagan) mythology for development of the phenomenon of the Renáissance (in Italia and North Europe), speciﬁcally the scientiﬁc thinking are revealed. The important resulf of analysis is the existence of invariable ethnofunctional structure of mentality in Old Russia, Moscow State and modern Russia.
Key words: ethnofunctional methodology in science, the age of the renaissance, west europe, old russia, mentality, european mentality, russian mentality, paganism, antic mythology, scientific thinking