№ 5/2009 год(eng)
PHILOSOPHICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF S.L. RUBINSTEIN
Academician of REA, head of psychology of personality laboratory, Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow
Such crucial aspects of philosophical and psychological conception of scientific work of prominent domestic philosopher and psychologist Sergey Leonidovich Rubinstein as problems of Man and Personality, ontological basis of their essence and means of existence and self-realization are analyzed. Created by the scientists school consecutively developed his sophisticated and profound ideas, integrating separately elaborated aspects (abilities, needs, motivation, consciousness, self-consciousness, thinking as personality problems), widening the context of their researches. Rubinstein's approach due to his disciples and followers, due to the constructivism of his ideas itself holds a leading position in Russian psychology.
Key words: man, personality, ontology, philosophical anthropology, position, attitude, integration, principle of development, unity of consciousness and activity, principle of determinism, value, subject.
ONTOLOGICAL PARADIGM IN PERCEPTION STUDY
Сorresponding member of RAE, head of laboratory of psyche system studies, Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow
Based on S.L. Rubinstein’s ideas the author formulates principles of ontological approach to perception study which is considered as generated in the course of man–world interaction event. The system character of perceptual process is emphasized. Its main constituents (subject and object of perception, perceptual activity, perceptible image etc) are analyzed. The perspectives of ontological approach in psychology are discussed.
Key words: perceptual event, subject of perception, object-situation, apperceptual complex, perceptual activity, perceptible image.
COLLECTIVE SUBJECT: MAIN FEATURES, LEVELS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TYPES
Corresponding member of RAS, director of Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow
Theoretical grounds for present-days elaboration of the problem of collective subject allotted from S.L. Rubinstein’s early works are presented. Collective subject’s main features, characterizing the group at one and the same time but with different levels of their intensity are formulated. On the basis of dominating of one or another feature different levels of group subjectity manifestation are allotted: interrelationship and interdependency, joint activity, self-reflection. Combination of the allotted features of collective subject is interpreted as different psychological types of subjectity (and subjects): potential, real and reflective (or development). The role and restrictions of space-time relationships in a group as a subject formation are analyzed. Present-day tendencies of subject approach in socio-psychological groups’ with different size (amount) study are emphasized.
Key words: collective subject, interrelationship, interdependency, joint activity, vital activity, activity, group self-reflection, levels and types of subjectity, potential, real, self-reflecting subjectity.
HEURISTIC MEANING OF S.L. RUBINSTEIN’S IDEAS FOR PROBLEMS OF HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY ELABORATION
Sc.D. (psychology), professor, first deputy director of Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow
Historism of scientific conception of S.L. Rubinstein which is the premise for the universality and fundamentality of scientist’s ideas is grounded. Rubinstein’s contribution to domestic history of psychology formation, to its principles, means of positive analysis and constructive critique of psychological approaches as well as its philosophic – methodological grounds forming is revealed. Based on Rubinstein’s ontological approach the understanding of object and subject of history of psychology is given.
Key words: history of psychology, methodology of psychology, humanitarian knowledge, S.L. Rubinstein’s conception.
EARLY PERIOD IN S.L. RUBINSTEIN’S SCIENTIFIC WORK (METHODOLOGICAL, THEORETICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS)
PhD, senior research assistant, Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow
Early period (10–20-th of the 20-th century) in S.L. Rubinstein’s scientific work connected with his philosophical and psychological self-determination is analyzed the role of this period for the development of scientist’s activity at the following stages and for his conception forming is revealed. The results of source study work with S.L. Rubinstein’s early articles and manuscripts are presented, the dates of their witting are determined, historical-and-theoretical and methodological analysis of their content is conducted. This allowed dating the beginning of S.L. Rubinstein’s scientific activity decade earlier then it was considered in domestic historiography.
Key words: scientific work, ontological, gnoseological, methodological analysis, subject, personality, activity, development, scientific school, conception, humanitarian and natural-science knowledge.
Международная юбилейная научная конференция
7 - 8 декабря 2023 г., Москва
Сборник конференции молодых ученых, 2019
Примите участие в исследовании:
Моя экономическая жизнь в условиях пандемии COVID-19"
и поделитесь ссылкой на него с другими!
Ситуация пандемии COVID-19 - уникальна, требует изучения и осознания. Сроки для этого сжаты
Коллективная память о событиях отечественной истории
(скачать текст, pdf)